By Limor Shifman
In December 2012, the exuberant video "Gangnam type" turned the 1st YouTube clip to be seen multiple billion occasions. millions of its audience spoke back by way of developing and posting their very own adaptations of the video--"Mitt Romney Style," "NASA Johnson Style," "Egyptian Style," etc. "Gangnam variety" (and its attendant parodies, imitations, and derivations) is without doubt one of the most famed examples of a web meme: a bit of electronic content material that spreads quick round the net in a number of iterations and turns into a shared cultural event. during this publication, Limor Shifman investigates net memes and what they let us know approximately electronic tradition.
Shifman discusses a sequence of recognized web memes -- together with "Leave Britney Alone," the pepper-spraying cop, LOLCats, Scumbag Steve, and Occupy Wall Street's "We Are the ninety nine Percent." She deals a unique definition of net memes: electronic content material devices with universal features, created with know-how of one another, and circulated, imitated, and remodeled through the web through many clients. She differentiates memes from virals; analyzes what makes memes and virals profitable; describes renowned meme genres; discusses memes as new modes of political participation in democratic and nondemocratic regimes; and examines memes as brokers of globalization.
Memes, Shifman argues, encapsulate probably the most primary elements of the net in most cases and of the participatory internet 2.0 tradition specifically. web memes can be wonderful, yet during this booklet Limor Shifman makes a compelling argument for taking them seriously.
By B.R. Myers
Understanding North Korea via its propaganda
What do the North Koreans fairly think? How do they see themselves and the area round them?
Here B.R. Myers, a North Korea analyst and a contributing editor of The Atlantic, offers the 1st full-length learn of the North Korean worldview. Drawing on wide examine into the regime’s household propaganda, together with movies, romance novels and different artifacts of the character cult, Myers analyzes all the country’s reliable myths in turn—from the idea of Koreans’ distinct ethical purity, to the parable of an the US quaking in terror of “the Iron General.” In a concise yet groundbreaking old part, Myers additionally lines the origins of this legit tradition again to the japanese fascist idea during which North Korea’s first ideologues have been schooled.
What emerges is a regime thoroughly in contrast to the West’s belief of it. this is often neither a bastion of Stalinism nor a Confucian patriarchy, yet a paranoid nationalist, “military-first” nation at the some distance correct of the ideological spectrum.
Since renowned aid for the North Korean regime now derives virtually completely from satisfaction in North Korean army may, Pyongyang can neither be cajoled nor bullied into giving up its nuclear software. the results for US overseas policy—which has hitherto handled North Korea because the final outpost of the chilly War—are as visible as they're troubling. With North Korea now calling for a “blood reckoning” with the “Yankee jackals,” Myers’s exceptional research couldn't be extra well timed.
A docu-style research of our fascination with the gun, from the viewpoint of the hip-hop generation.
The 2003 taking pictures loss of life of Toronto community-centre employee Kempton Howard placed the highlight on hip hop’s fixation with weapons. Media and police quickly blamed rap tune and its stories of gang existence on bullet-ridden US streets for the emerging use of firearms in Canadian crime. have been those songs crafty debts of a poor fact, or a self-fulfilling prophecy?
Rodrigo Bascunan and Christian Pearce have interviewed some of the significant avid gamers within the hip-hop global. As publishers of an award-winning journal of city tradition, they’d watched rap track turn into a scapegoat for society’s a lot older and extensively unfold fascination with weapons. What follows is their overseas experience to deconstruct sleek gun tradition in all its manifestations. Bascunan and Pearce search out hip-hop artists, unlawful gun runners, firearms aficionados and brands, museum curators, teachers, politicians, video-game creators, activists, sufferers of gun violence and the friends and family left behind.
Somewhere among Fast meals Nation, No Logo and a Michael Moore documentary, that includes sly sidebar fabric and unique art, Enter the Babylon System is a component outrageous journalistic pursuit and half passionate cri de coeur for sanity within the face of a society’s obsession.
From the Hardcover edition.
By Leah Price
How to Do issues with Books in Victorian Britain asks how our tradition got here to frown on utilizing books for any function except studying. while did the coffee-table publication develop into an item of scorn? Why did legislations courts forbid witnesses to kiss the Bible? What made Victorian cartoonists mock commuters who concealed in the back of the newspaper, girls who matched their books' binding to their gown, and servants who diminished newspapers to fish 'n' chips wrap?
laying off new gentle on novels by way of Thackeray, Dickens, the Brontës, Trollope, and Collins, in addition to the city sociology of Henry Mayhew, Leah expense additionally uncovers the lives and afterlives of nameless non secular tracts and loved ones manuals. From knickknacks to wastepaper, books mattered to the Victorians in ways in which can't be defined by way of their published content material by myself. And no matter if displayed, defaced, exchanged, or discarded, published subject participated, and nonetheless participates, in more than a few transactions that stretches a long way past reading.
Supplementing shut readings with a delicate reconstruction of the way Victorians notion and felt approximately books, cost deals a brand new version for integrating literary concept with cultural heritage. How to Do issues with Books in Victorian Britain reshapes our figuring out of the interaction among phrases and gadgets within the 19th century and beyond.
This eye-opening reader explores how verbal exchange values and types will be related or varied for individuals of assorted cultures and groups. INTERCULTURAL conversation: A READER makes a speciality of sensible recommendations you should use to speak extra successfully in various contexts, together with interpersonal, rhetoric, staff, company, schooling, wellbeing and fitness care, and organizational. This broad-based, hugely attractive reader, compiled via the authors who outlined the direction, contains a balanced number of articles--some commissioned completely for this text--that discusses the vintage rules that laid the foundation for this box, in addition to the newest study and concepts. fabric is gifted in this type of manner so that you can learn, comprehend, after which follow path ideas in your personal existence.
By Christopher Hitchens
By Sarah van Gelder
We Are the 99%
The Occupy Wall highway move named the center factor of our time: the overpowering strength of Wall road and massive firms— anything the political institution and so much media have lengthy ignored.
But the circulation is going a long way past this critique. This adjustments Everything indicates how the move is moving the way in which humans view themselves and the area, the type of society they suspect is feasible, and their very own involvement in making a society that works for the ninety nine% instead of simply the 1%.
Attempts to pigeonhole this decentralized, fast-evolving circulation have ended in confusion and misperception. during this quantity, the editors of YES! Magazine assemble voices from inside and out the protests to exhibit the problems, percentages, and personalities linked to the Occupy Wall highway movement.
This e-book gains contributions from Naomi Klein, David Korten, Rebecca Solnit, Ralph Nader, and others, in addition to Occupy activists who have been there from the start, reminiscent of David Graeber, Marina Sitrin and Hena Ashraf. It bargains insights for these actively protesting or expressing aid for the movement—and for the thousands extra who sympathize with the target of a extra equitable and democratic future.
By Ken Farmer, Buck Stienke
THE countries often referred to as "Robber's Roost" and "No-Man's Land", used to be seemed within the latter a part of the nineteenth century because the bloodiest and most deadly position on the earth. it's the 12 months 1885. A infamous band of outlaws, referred to as the "Larson Gang", has been terrorizing Arkansas, Missouri and the international locations for years. pass judgement on Issac Parker, the striking pass judgement on, orders an all-out concerted attempt to trap the group and produce them to justice. "If they won't recognize the legislations; then, by means of God, we'll cause them to worry it." Marshal Bass Reeves, the 1st black U.S. Deputy Marshal west of the Mississippi, with his associate Jack McGann, different deputies and Indian Lighthorse are tasked to take the youngest member of the crowd, Ben Larson, at the treacherous trip to citadel Smith with their prisoner shackled to the mattress of the Tumbleweed Wagon. "It isn't the severity of the punishment that's the deterrent... however the sure bet of it." - pass judgement on Issac C. Parker. The international locations blends historic and fictional characters to create a fast paced motion western.
By Alice Echols
"Remarkable. . . . Carried alongside through prose that's as smooth and slinky as its subject."―Christine Stansell, collage of Chicago
Alice Echols unearths the ways that disco remodeled renowned track, propelling it into new sonic territory and influencing rap, techno, and trance. She probes the complicated dating among disco and the era's significant events: homosexual liberation, feminism, and African American rights. you will not say "disco sucks" as disco thumps again to lifestyles during this pulsating examine the tradition and politics that gave upward thrust to the track. 20 black-and-white pictures
By Carl E. Schorske
A landmark e-book from one of many really unique students of our time: an impressive revelation of turn-of-the-century Vienna the place out of a problem of political and social disintegration quite a bit of recent paintings and inspiration was once born.
"Not purely is it a excellent exploration of numerous elements of early modernism of their political context; it's a hallmark of ways the self-discipline of highbrow heritage is presently practiced via its so much capable and bold craftsmen. it's also a relocating vindication of old examine itself, within the face of modernism's defiant advice that background is obsolete."
-- David A. Hollinger, heritage booklet membership Review
"Each of [the seven separate reviews] could be learn separately....Yet they're so artfully designed and built-in that person who reads them so as is inspired by way of the book's wholeness and the momentum of its argument."
-- Gordon A. Craig, the recent Republic
"A profound work...on some of the most very important chapters of recent highbrow historical past" -- H.R. Trevor-Roper, entrance web page, the hot York occasions booklet Review
"Invaluable to the social and political historian...as good as to these extra all in favour of the humanities" -- John Willett, the recent York evaluation of Books
"A paintings of unique synthesis and scholarship. Engrossing."